Oak timber and lumber – types, use, features

Oak board - the most commonly used carpentry sawn hardwood.  Almost every woodworking store sells 3-4 types of oak boards.  American, Ukrainian and Estonian oak is sold in Estonia.  A less common oak board is Croatian, Serbian, and German.

Why oak is popular?

The oak is popular for at least two reasons.

First, oak was and remains a classic type of wood for the interior.  Years go by, and designers and architects continue to use oak planks in their projects. Due to its noble texture and color, this breed does not become outdated.

Secondly, the technical qualities of oak are equally suited to the client and the master.  Both value oak for durability and reliability.  In addition, it is relatively well amenable to tinting and drilling.  Therefore, the carpenter is happy to take projects where you need an oak board.

Important features of oak boards manufacture

However, there are difficulties.  Woodworkers who process oak in the early stages emphasize two features of the oak plank:

⁃ Unpredictable knots

 After cutting a first-class log, dozens of natural defects can be found inside. Thus, automatically the quality of the wood will fall.

⁃ Difficulty and duration of drying

 For woodworking technologists, oak is a challenging quest.  How to dry quickly and efficiently?  This question has no definite answer yet.  Therefore, the result is undried wood, or drying for a period of 2-3 times longer than other species.  Our company prefers the second approach.

These difficulties affect the final cost of oak boards.

Types of oak boards

In the European region, there are at least three classifications of types of oak boards: American, European and Russian. These three systems contain special designations for different types of boards.

But anyway, all the classifications divide the primary products of woodworking into 4 types:

⁃ Unedged board

⁃ Edged board

⁃ Calibrated board

⁃ Core beam.

Inside each of these types, there are own classifications - by quality, thickness, and so on.

Often carpentry workshops use edged and unedged boards.  In our articles, you can read in detail about their features. 

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